TUESDAY, Aug. 23, 2022 (HealthDay News) — Skin cancer prevention is lacking among Native American/Alaska Native (AIAN) populations, according to a research letter published Aug. 15 in the Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology.
Kevin Yang of Tufts University School of Medicine in Boston and colleagues used data from the US National Health Interview Survey (2005, 2008, 2010, 2013, and 2015) to assess risk behaviors and cancer prevention skin in AIAN compared to other populations. The analysis included 360,573 participants.
The researchers found that compared to other racial and ethnic groups, AIAN respondents reported less frequent sun protective behaviors, including less wearing of hats when outdoors in sunny weather and a lower likelihood of seeking shade when outdoors. Sunscreen use was reported less frequently among AIAN respondents compared to whites and non-Hispanic Asians, but AIAN respondents reported using sunscreen more frequently than African Americans. AIAN respondents reported more frequent use of artificial tanning devices compared to other minority groups (odds ratios, 17.4 compared to African Americans and 14.8 compared to Asians). Although similar to other minority groups, fewer AIANs reported ever having had full body skin exams by a dermatologist compared to non-Hispanic whites (odds ratio, 0.42). The diagnosis of melanoma was more frequently reported by AIAN respondents than by other groups.
“The results of this work call for future studies to assess barriers to skin cancer screening and the design of initiatives to promote sun protective behaviors for AIAN populations in the United States,” the authors write. .