This multi-year, multi-partner protection and solutions strategy (the “Strategy”) covering the period 2020-2022 has been co-developed with government authorities, partners, people of concern to UNHCR (PoC) and the Regional Office of UNHCR. UNHCR. Its purpose is to pave the way towards achieving a clear set of shared objectives, while remaining broad enough to allow flexibility given the fluid operating environment.
This strategy is accompanied by a matrix that describes the baselines, expected impact and milestones for each year, related to risks and mitigation measures.
Protection and solutions considerations will be injected into all areas of engagement with a focus on building the capacity of government institutions and supporting them in their primary responsibility to protect and seek long-term solutions to displacement. UNHCR in Somalia remains committed to providing support to the government in achieving its four solutions-oriented commitments made at the Global Refugee Forum in December 2019. UNHCR promotes national ownership and a multi-stakeholder partnership approach, as well as ‘corporate’ and ‘whole of government’, in line with the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework and the Global Compact on Refugees.
UNHCR in Somalia recognizes that, in the face of dwindling funding, the growing needs in Somalia can best be met through strengthened and expanded partnerships. The Operation is committed to Delivering as One and is fully engaged in relevant coordination fora. It stands ready to support the potential new Solutions Coordination Forum under the government’s National Development Plan 9 (NDP-9) architecture. Partnerships with the private sector and the World Bank will be strengthened.
Committed to bridging the humanitarian-development-peace nexus, UNHCR in Somalia will engage partners and other key stakeholders to advocate for the inclusion of all PoCs in existing national systems (including health, education and social protection), including through the UN cooperation framework that embraces and advances the NDP-9 goals. Leveraging the centrality of the protection strategy will help ensure a system-wide commitment to protection as the collective responsibility of the entire Humanitarian Country Team (HCT), operationalized through of the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP).
This document sets out five strategic objectives focusing on areas where UNHCR and its partners can make a difference based on expertise, capacities and lessons learned. They include the following:
By 2022, the domestication of the AU Convention for the Protection and Assistance of Internally Displaced Persons in Africa (Kampala Convention); enactment of Refugee Law, Citizenship Bill and National Migration Policy (covering PoCs in mixed movements); the accession to the 1954 and 1961 conventions on stateless persons and the adoption of the national durable solutions strategy will provide a strengthened legal and political framework for the protection of refugees, returnees, internally displaced persons and stateless persons. They will complement the IGAD Nairobi Declaration on Durable Solutions for Somali Refugees and the Reintegration of Returnees in Somalia, the IGAD Djibouti Declaration on Education for Refugees, Returnees and Host Communities and the IGAD Kampala Declaration on Employment, Livelihoods and Self-Reliance of Refugees, Returnees and Host Communities. Programmatic interventions include advocacy, technical support for the development and implementation of legislation/policy, capacity building and strengthening coordination mechanisms on mixed movements.
Respond to the immediate needs of affected populations resulting from various shocks using UNHCR-(co)/led – Protection, NFI/Shelter and CCCM clusters – in a responsible and timely manner. At the same time, transition to longer-term solutions by strengthening early warning mechanisms, anticipatory action and community protection, as well as supporting sustainable solutions to cyclical floods/droughts.
Strengthen self-reliance and create greater access to inclusive socio-economic opportunities by: Introducing the graduation approach; provide vocational training; using business incubator approaches and integrated community protection/livelihoods projects; national/state capacity building in urban planning functions with emphasis on environmental sustainability and gender equality; create access to micro-finance; support social capital; inclusion in social protection mechanisms.
Improve durable solutions for PoCs: Support the development of the national durable solutions strategy; in collaboration with the government and partners, help create environments conducive to the voluntary return of refugees in safety and dignity; Follow-up after return; collaboration with the government and UNICEF to strengthen the access and inclusion of refugee children and young people in national education systems and the reintegration of returnee children and young people into these systems. In addition, support the connection of refugee, returnee and internally displaced students with livelihoods and employment opportunities to build resilience and self-reliance, explore opportunities for stronger partnership with development partners in this regard ; strategic use of resettlement; a strengthened commitment to complementary pathways; promotion of local solutions for refugees and internally displaced persons.
More than 15,000 people in Somalia are awaiting refugee status determination (RSD). Clearing this backlog is not possible due to budgetary and staffing constraints, nor would such an approach be in line with the strategic directions of UNHCR’s 2015 RSD. Only those who need RSD for solutions or protective benefits will be prioritized for RSD treatment. DSR case processing may also be necessary in certain case profiles where integrity issues arise. The system will be made more efficient based on clear prioritization criteria, with a strengthened community identification mechanism. The operation will migrate to the new proGres version 4 database.